By Lisa Rapaport, Reuters Health. Reuters Health – A traditional Mediterranean diet with added olive oil may be tied to a lower risk of heart disease at least in part because it helps maintain healthy blood flow and clear debris from arteries, a Spanish study suggests. This type of diet typically includes lots of fruits and legumes that are rich in antioxidants as well as plenty of vegetables, whole grains and olive oil. It also tends to favor lean sources of protein like chicken or fish over red meat, which contains more saturated fat. Participants were 66 years old on average, and they were asked to follow their assigned diet for one year. Only the low-fat diet was associated with reduced LDL and total cholesterol levels, researchers report in a paper scheduled for publication in the journal Circulation. None of the diets increased HDL levels significantly. But blood tests and lab work showed better HDL functioning in the group assigned to the Mediterranean diet with extra olive oil. Limitations of the current study include the fact that all three diets were relatively healthy, making it difficult to detect meaningful differences in outcomes, the authors note.
Iris Shai is excited. Shai, a researcher in nutrition at Ben-Gurion University BGU of the Negev in Beersheva, Israel, has just spent the last two years studying the effect of diet on atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries, and blood pressure — both of which are direct risk factors for strokes and heart attacks. Her findings, which were published recently in Circulation, the leading journal of the American Heart Association, show that healthy, long-term weight loss diets can significantly reverse carotid main brain artery atherosclerosis, and also lower blood pressure in overweight and mildly obese people. The common denominator of all the diets is moderate weight loss. Our study shows that the main thing is to stick to the long-term, healthy diet strategy. This effect is more pronounced among mildly obese persons who lose more than 12 lbs. One hundred and forty moderately overweight people working at the Dimona Nuclear Research Center took part in their study, mostly men. Each were put on one of three specific diet regimes — a low-fat diet, a low-carb diet, and a Mediterranean diet. The study required significant cooperation between staff, participants and their spouses. Workplace cafeteria managers cooperated with clinicians and nutritional advisors to transform the food service program and provide healthy food according to each of the low fat, low carb and Mediterranean diet regimens. Along with workplace nutritional counseling, trial participant spouses were educated on keeping to the diet strategy at home. The scientists measured changes in carotid artery vessel thickening caused by plaque, to determine whether diet can reverse atherosclerosis, a process that naturally increases with age.
Kathy Cohen conquers the Israel Football League. Each were put on one of three specific diet regimes — a low-fat diet, a low-carb diet, and a Mediterranean diet. Limitations of the current study include the fact that all three diets were relatively healthy, making it difficult to detect meaningful differences in outcomes, the authors note. Dairy and red meat increase risk of colorectal cancer. For the first time, images prove the point The findings show that after two years there was a five percent decrease in average carotid vessel-wall volume and a one percent decrease in carotid artery thickness. If you’re a reluctant vegetable eater, get creative. In Jerusalem, Santa rides a camel not a reindeer. An international effort In this influential study, it was found that Mediterranean and low-carbohydrate diets may be effective alternatives to low-fat diets for inducing weight loss, with more favorable effects on lipids obtained with the low-carbohydrate diet, and on glycemic control with the Mediterranean diet.
Craft beer in the startup nation with 21see. Smart urban fabric provides shade and solar energy. But blood tests and lab work showed better HDL functioning in the group assigned to the Mediterranean diet with extra olive oil. Fish is high in heart- and brain-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, and it’s more versatile than you might think.