The objective of this article is to present to physicians an update on plant-based diets. Concerns about the rising cost of health care are being voiced nationwide, even as unhealthy lifestyles are contributing to the spread of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. For these reasons, physicians looking for cost-effective interventions to improve health outcomes are becoming more involved in helping their patients adopt healthier lifestyles. Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods. We present a case study as an example of the potential health benefits of such a diet. Research shows that plant-based diets are cost-effective, low-risk interventions that may lower body mass index, blood pressure, HbA 1C, and cholesterol levels. They may also reduce the number of medications needed to treat chronic diseases and lower ischemic heart disease mortality rates. Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity. Despite the strong body of evidence favoring plant-based diets, including studies showing a willingness of the general public to embrace them, 4 many physicians are not stressing the importance of plant-based diets as a first-line treatment for chronic illnesses. This could be because of a lack of awareness of these diets or a lack of patient education resources. National dietary guidelines for active living and healthful eating are available at
Lisinopril was gradually decreased to 5 mg daily and his diabetes is controlled with metformin alone, mg twice daily. Particularly, in response to adopting an animal-based diet, microbial diversity increased rapidly, even overshadowing individual microbial gene expression. Pediatric undernutrition defined by body composition—are we there yet? Based on the scientific literature available, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine found that health benefits increase as the amount of food from animal sources decreases, and concluded that the vegan diet is the healthiest diet overall, even healthier than vegetarian diets [ 94 ]. The purpose of this brief review is to summarize current knowledge on the health effects of vegan diets, to discuss the nutritional concerns or shortfalls of a vegan diet and to provide some practical dietary recommendations for following a healthy vegan diet. Red meat and processed meat consumption are consistently associated with an increase risk of colorectal cancer In addition, fiber, vitamin C, carotenoids, flavonoids, and other phytochemicals in the diet are shown to exhibit protection against various cancers, whereas allium vegetables provide protection against stomach cancer, and garlic against colorectal cancer. Diabetes Care. Public views of the benefits and barriers to the consumption of a plant-based diet. Arnett TR, Spowage M.
Appetite control and biomarkers of satiety with vegetarian soy and meat-based high-protein diets for weight loss in obese men: a randomized crossover trial— Am. New data suggest that legume intake is also associated with a moderate reduction in the risk of prostate cancer Am J Clin Nutr ; 82 : — However, since food and sports are both considered ‘medicine’ [ 3 – 5 ] p. High Blood Pressure In , the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee performed a literature review to identify articles examining the effect of dietary patterns on blood pressure in adults. For these reasons, physicians looking for cost-effective interventions to improve health outcomes are becoming more involved in helping their patients adopt healthier lifestyles. Bone health depends on more than just protein and calcium intakes.